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PDF Download: Zondo Commission Final Report Reveals Shocking Findings on State Capture


Zondo Commission Final Report PDF Download




The Zondo Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of State Capture, also known as the State Capture Commission, was a judicial commission established in 2017 by former President Jacob Zuma, following a recommendation by former Public Protector Thuli Madonsela in her 2016 report titled State of Capture. The commission was chaired by Deputy Chief Justice Raymond Zondo and had a mandate to investigate allegations of corruption, fraud, and undue influence by private individuals and entities on the state and its organs.




zondo commission final report pdf download



The commission conducted public hearings from August 2018 to September 2021, during which it heard evidence from more than 330 witnesses, including former and current ministers, senior officials, business executives, whistleblowers, journalists, and civil society activists. The commission also received thousands of documents, affidavits, and submissions from various sources. The commission's work was widely followed by the media and the public, as it exposed shocking details of how state capture operated and affected various sectors of society.


The commission submitted its final report to President Cyril Ramaphosa in six parts between January and June 2022. The report consists of more than 900 pages and contains findings, conclusions, and recommendations on various aspects of state capture. The report was initially kept confidential by the Presidency, pending a review by Chief Justice Zondo for corrections and amendments. However, after a court order granted permission to release the amended version of the report on 12 October 2022, the Presidency made the report available to the public online.


What is the Zondo Commission and why is it important?




The Zondo Commission was established to investigate one of the most serious threats to South Africa's democracy and development: state capture. State capture is a form of systemic corruption that involves the co-optation of state institutions, policies, and resources by private actors for their own benefit. State capture undermines the rule of law, accountability, transparency, service delivery, economic growth, social justice, and human rights.


The Zondo Commission was important for several reasons. First, it provided a platform for exposing and documenting the extent and impact of state capture on various sectors of society. Second, it offered an opportunity for those who were implicated or affected by state capture to give their side of the story and face cross-examination. Third, it generated public awareness and debate about the causes and consequences of state capture and how to prevent it in the future. Fourth, it made recommendations for legal action, institutional reform, policy change, and social mobilization to address state capture and its legacy.


The main findings and recommendations of the report




The report covers a wide range of topics related to state capture, such as state-owned enterprises (SOEs), government departments and agencies, political parties and Parliament, security and intelligence services, media and civil society, among others. The report makes findings on specific allegations of corruption, fraud, maladministration, nepotism, abuse of power, interference, influence peddling, money laundering, tax evasion, etc., involving various individuals and entities. The report also makes recommendations on how to hold those responsible accountable, recover stolen funds, strengthen oversight mechanisms, improve governance systems, enhance ethical standards, protect whistleblowers, promote civic education, etc.


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Some of the main findings and recommendations of the report are summarized below:


State capture at state-owned enterprises




The report finds that several SOEs were captured by a network of private actors led by the Gupta family, who used their close relationship with former President Zuma and his allies to secure lucrative contracts, appointments, favors, benefits, and influence over the SOEs. The report identifies several SOEs that were affected by state capture, such as Eskom, Transnet, Denel, SAA, SABC, Prasa, etc. The report also names several individuals who were involved in facilitating or benefiting from state capture at the SOEs, such as former ministers, board members, executives, managers, consultants, contractors, etc.


The report recommends that the SOEs should be restructured and reformed to ensure their financial viability, operational efficiency, strategic alignment, and public accountability. The report also recommends that the SOEs should implement measures to prevent and combat corruption, such as conducting forensic audits, reviewing contracts, recovering funds, disciplining or prosecuting offenders, strengthening internal controls, enhancing transparency and disclosure, etc.


State capture at government departments and agencies




The report finds that several government departments and agencies were captured by the same network of private actors who captured the SOEs. The report reveals how the Gupta family and their associates used their influence over former President Zuma and his cabinet to secure appointments, contracts, tenders, licenses, permits, grants, etc., from various government departments and agencies. The report also exposes how the Gupta family and their associates interfered with the functioning and decision-making of various government departments and agencies to advance their interests. The report identifies several government departments and agencies that were affected by state capture, such as the Department of Mineral Resources, the Department of Home Affairs, the Department of Public Enterprises, the Department of Water and Sanitation, the National Treasury, the National Prosecuting Authority, the South African Revenue Service, etc.


The report recommends that the government departments and agencies should be reformed and revitalized to ensure their integrity, effectiveness, responsiveness, and accountability. The report also recommends that the government departments and agencies should implement measures to prevent and combat corruption, such as conducting investigations, reviewing policies, recovering funds, disciplining or prosecuting offenders, strengthening oversight mechanisms, enhancing public participation, etc.


State capture at political parties and Parliament




The report finds that several political parties and Parliament were captured by the same network of private actors who captured the SOEs and the government departments and agencies. The report shows how the Gupta family and their associates used their financial resources and political connections to influence the selection and election of political leaders, candidates, and representatives at various levels of governance. The report also shows how the Gupta family and their associates used their access and leverage to influence the policies, positions, and actions of various political parties and Parliament on matters related to state capture. The report identifies several political parties and Parliament that were affected by state capture, such as the ANC, the DA, the EFF, COPE , and the IFP, as well as the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces.


The report recommends that the political parties and Parliament should be reformed and renewed to ensure their independence, diversity, representation, and accountability. The report also recommends that the political parties and Parliament should implement measures to prevent and combat corruption, such as conducting internal audits, reviewing donations, recovering funds, disciplining or prosecuting offenders, strengthening ethics codes, enhancing public scrutiny, etc.


State capture at the security and intelligence sector




The report finds that the security and intelligence sector was captured by the same network of private actors who captured the other sectors of society. The report reveals how the Gupta family and their associates used their influence over former President Zuma and his appointees to secure control over the security and intelligence


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